About The Program

LL.M. degree prepares the students for a satisfying career in various branches of law, such as law officers, legal advisors, law professionals having independent set-up. LL.M. degree also qualifies a person for teaching in a law school and university. They can also take judicial service examination and become judges. There is no dearth of career opportunities for LL.M. degree holders.

Courses are taught in a variety of formats, including seminars, lectures and small group classes. LLM Specialization. 1. Commercial Law 2. Criminal Law 3. Constitutional Law 4. Human RightsDoctorate in Law is the latest course introduced by SLC. Any other modification in eligibility criteria will be considered, if recommended by the Academic Council (AC) of UTU and UGC. After result of RET is declared, the merit list of the successful candidates shall be prepared based upon the available vacancies taking into consideration the reservation policy.

LL.M : 1 year Course, Course Duration : 1 year 2 semesters

Eligibility : LL.B with min 50% For All Category

LL.M. - Academic Structure



1. Compulsory Papers

i. Research Methods and Legal Writing
ii. Comparative Public Law
iii. Law and Justice in a Globalizing world

2. Optional Papers

I. (Corporate and Commercial Law)

i) Competition Law
ii) Banking and Insurance Law
iii) Labour / Employment Law
iv) Company Law
v) Intellectual Property law
vi) Cyber Law

II. (Criminal and Security Law)

i) Criminology and Criminal Justice Administration
ii) Victimology
iii) Criminal Justice and Human Rights
iv) Police Law and Administration
v) Corporate Crimes/White Collar Crimes
vi) International Criminal Law

III. ( Constitutional and Administrative Law)

i) Center-State Relations and Constitutional Governance
ii) Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
iii) Local Self-Government & Federal Governance
iv) Administrative Law
v) Media Law
vi) Minorities Law

The examination, evaluation and other norms of improvement of grades will be governed as per the norms of the credit system of the University Departments.


Subject Code :- LL.M. 1101

The main objective of this course is to acquaint the student of law with the scientific method of social science research. This course is expected to provide the knowledge of the technique of selection, collection and interpretation of primary and secondary data in socio legal research. Emphasis would be laid on practical training in conducting research in this course. By the end of the course the students are expected to develop a scientific approach to socio legal problems. They should be able to design and execute small scale research problems. The practical skill in conducting research will be evaluated on their performance in field research and workshops/seminars.



i. The science of research and scientific methodology.
ii. Interrelation between speculation, fact and theory building-some fallacies of scientific methodology with reference to socio legal research.
iii. Inter-disciplinary research and legal research models.
iv. Arm chair research vis-a-vis empirical research.
v. Legal research-common law and civil law legal systems


Research Design

i. Workable Hypothesis-formulation and evaluation.
ii. Major steps in research design


Research Techniques

i. Sampling
ii. Survey and Case Study method
iii. Scaling and Content Analysis


Research Tools and Data Processing

i. Observation
ii. Interview and schedule
iii. Questionnaire
iv. Socio-metrics and jurimetrics
v. Data processing (deductions and Inductions) analysis and interpretation of data

MODULE V. Legal writing

i. Report/article writing in legal research ii. Use of definitions, maxims, concepts, principles, doctrines in legal research iii. Citation methodology iv. Book review and case comments

Select Bibliography

1. Robert Watt- Concise book on Legal Research
2. Ram Ahuja-Research Method
3. Good and Hatt- Research Methodology
4. Pauline Young- Research Methodology
5. Earl Babbie- Research Methodology
6. Anwarul Yaqin-Legal Research Methodology
7. Wilkinson Bhandarkar-Research Methodology
8. Selltis Johoda-Research Methodology
9. Stott D.-Legal Research
10. Robert Watt and Francis Johns- Concise Legal Research
11. S.K. Verma &Afzal Wani- Legal Research Methodology (And material announced in the Class)

Subject: Comparative Public Law / Systems of Governance

Subject Code: - LL.M. 1102

Objectives: This paper focuses on analytical and theoretical scrutiny of Public Administrative Law, Constitutional Law and Criminal Law and its component in comparative manner to enable the students and develop amongst them the proper understanding of the subject.



i. Meaning and definition of Public Law
ii. Concept of Public Law
iii. Globalisation of Comparative Public Law


Tools of Comparative Public Law

i. Constitutional Law – Common Law, Civil Law
ii. Legislative Mechanism - Common Law, Civil Law
iii. Typology of Federalism – USA, India


Public Interest Litigation – US, India

i. Locus standi
ii. Judicial Activism
iii. Judicial Accountability


Comparative Criminal Law – Common law, Civil law

i. Domestic Violations – International, National
ii. Provisions relating to Rape
iii. Plea Bargaining – USA, India
iv. White Collar Crimes
v. Juvenile Justice



i. Ombudsman in Scandinavian countries
ii. International Scenario – Common law and Civil law
iii. Indian Scenario
iv. Lokpal (Ombudsman)
v. Lokayukta

Select Bibliography

1. H. W. Wade - Administrative Law.
2. DeSmith - Judicial Review of Administrative Action.
3. Garner - Administrative Law.
4. D. D. Basu - Comparative Administrative Law.
5. Wade and Philips - Constitutional Law
6. Dicey - Introduction to Law of the Constitution.
7. Hood Philips - Constitutional Law and Adminstrative Law.
8. M. P. Jain, S. N. Jain - Principles of Administrative Law.
9. M. P. Jain - The Evolving Indian Administrative Law.
10. B. Schwartz - An Introduction to American Administrative Law.
11. M. P. Jain - Cases and Materials on Administrative Law.
12. K. S. Shukla and S. S. Singh - Lokayukta - A socio legal study.
13. Ivor Jennings - Law and the Constitution.
14. K. C. Davis - Discretionary Justice.
15. Neville L. Brown and J. F. Garner – French Administrative Law.
16. Peter H. Schuck - Foundations of Administrative Law.
17. P. P. Craig - Administrative Law.
18. Alex Carol - Constitution and Administrative Law.
19. Neil Hawke and Neil Papworth - Introduction to Administrative Law.
20. Jaffe - Judicial Control of Administrative Law.
21. K.D.Gaur – A Textbook on The Indian Penal Code.
22. Videh Upadhyay - Public Interest Litigation In India: Concepts, Cases Concerns 1st Edition
23. S. K Agrawala - Public interest litigation in India: A critique (K.M. Munshi memorial lectures)
24. The Handbook of Comparative Criminal Law, Stanford Law Books (2010)


Subject Code - LL.M. 1103

The main objective of the course is to enable students to understand and seek solutions to pressing problems in the domain of global justice. By the end of the term, students are expected to have become familiar with the multiple dimensions of the theoretical literature and be able to critically evaluate the liberal, republican, and discursive democratic attempts to make sense of, and to ameliorate, prevailing instances of injustice in the world. This will be imparted through theoretical and philosophical debates advanced by various scholars and the institutional mechanism that need to be accelerated to achieve the objectives of global justice.



i. Meaning and significance of Globalization
ii. Concept of Global Justice
iii. Global Justice and Right to Development


Theoretical Prepositions of Global Justice

i. Realism
ii. Particularism
iii. Nationalism
iv. Cosmopolitanism


Historical and Central Challenges to Global Justice

i. Global Poverty- Role of International Mechanism
ii. Armed Conflict
iii. Nationalist practices
iv. Crimes against Humanity
v. Environment and Health
vi. Oppressive Policies- Threat of Terrorism, Global Politics

MODULE IV.Role and Reformation of Global Institutions

i. States, sovereignty and Transnational Law
ii. Economic and Trade Institutions-MNC's
iii. Structural reforms of United Nations-Security Council
iv. International Judicial Institutions


Models to Achieve Global Justice

i. Social Contract and Social Justice
ii. Sarvodaya Model of Justice
iii. Multi Culturalism and Cosmopolitanism
iv. Significance of Human Rights Education
v. Global Justice and Global Rule of Law

Select Bibliography

1. Springer:EncyclopediaofGlobalJustice2012
2. Brian Barry,CultureandEquality.Cambridge:Polity,2001
3. DuncanBell (ed.)EthicsandWorldPolitics.Oxford2010.
4. AllenBuchanan.Justice,Legitimacy,andSelf-determination:MoralFoundationsfor InternationalLaw.Oxford2004.
5. SimonCaney,JusticeBeyondBorders.Oxford:,2005
6. Nicole Hassoun. 2008a. "World Poverty and Individual Freedom." American PhilosophicalQuarterly.Vol.45,No.2: 191-198.
7. AndrewHurrell.2001."GlobalInequalityandInternationalInstitutions."GlobalJustice. ThomasPoggeed.Meta-philosophySeriesinPhilosophyA.T.MaroobianandBrian Huschleeds. BlackwellPublishing:Oxford.
8. MarthaNussbaum,FrontiersofJustice.Cambridge,Mass.:HarvardUniversityPress, 2006.
9. ThomasPogge,WorldPovertyandHumanRights.Cambridge:Polity,2002.
10. JohnRawls,TheLawofPeoples.Cambridge,Mass.:HarvardUniversityPress,1999
11. AmartyaSen,DevelopmentasFreedom.Oxford:1999
12. AmartyaSen: Global Justice


Subject Code: LL.M.1104


In most countries of the world that competition playsakeyroletoplayinensuring productive, efficient,innovativeandresponsivemarkets.Theconsumersareensuredavailability of'goods' and'services' inabundance ofacceptablequalityataffordable price.Competitionlawandpolicy alsoresultin equityamongproducersandreduce rentseekingbehavioron theirpart. Intunewiththeinternationaltrendandtocopewithchangingrealities,Indiahasreviewedthe MonopoliesandRestrictiveTradePracticesAct,1969andhasenactedtheCompetitionAct, 2002(theAct)w.e.f.14.1.03. TheCompetition Commission ofIndiafeelsthatinordertocreategreaterawarenessof competitionlawandcompetitionissues,itisimportantthattheCompetition Act,2002andthe role of the Competition Commission of India should form part of the syllabus of faculties/schools ofmanagement, lawandotherrelevantinstitutes.Thiswouldalsoenablethe students to take up professional practice in the field of competition law and policy. Asapartofitsstatutory dutytocreateawarenessandtobuildstrongcompetitioncultureinthe country,theCompetitionCommission ofIndiahasalreadytakenupthematterwithover144 universitiestoincorporate theCompetition Actasapartofsyllabus.Thissyllabusalsoaimsto createawarenessamong thestudentsand develop theirabilitiestodealwiththeissuesonthe expandinghorizonsofcorporatelaw.



i. Basic economicandlegal principles
ii. RestraintofTradeunderIndianContractAct
iii. MonopolisticTradePractices
iv. RestrictiveTradePractices


Developmentof lawfromMRTPtoCompetitionAct2002

i. Aims,ObjectsandSalientfeatures
ii. ComparisonbetweenMRTPAct andCompetitionAct
iii. Anti-CompetitiveAgreement
iv. AbuseofDominantPosition
v. Combination
vi. Protectionofconsumers



i. Structureandfunctionof CCI
ii. Regulatoryrole



i. Composition,Functions,PowersandProcedure
ii. AwardCompensation
iii. Powertopunishfor contempt
iv. Executionoforders


Consumer Protection Act, 1986 and its applicability to Competition Law

i. Definition of Consumer
ii. Definition of Service
iii. Deficiency in Services
iv. Unfair Trade Practices
v. Overlapping areas

Select Bibliography

1. K.S.Anantaranan: LecturesonCompanyLawandMRTP
2. Dr.R.K.Singh: RestrictionTradePracticesand PublicInterest
3. SuzanRab-IndianCompetition Law-An InternationalPerspective
4. S.M.Dugar'sMRTPLaw,CompetitionLawand ConsumerProtection
5. ReportoftheMonopoliesInquiriesCommission,Govt.of India1965(Dr.HazariReport)
6. 1980andotherrelatedwork
7. A.E.Rodrigues,AshokMenon-ThelimitsofCompetitionPolicy,theshortcomingsof
8. Economics
9. Taxmann'scompetitionLawandPractice


Subject Code: LL.M.1105


A. Introduction

i. Nature and Development of Banking.
ii. Functions of Banking
B. Global Banking Institutions
C. The Banking (Regulation) Act, 1949. Its main provisions, social control, nationalization of Banks.


i. Central Bank, Evolution, Characteristics and Functions.
ii. Reserve Bank ofIndia and It's Role.
iii. Securitization and Reconstruction of Financial assets.
iv. Cash reserve and Statutory Liquidity ratios in Bank.
v. Bank as borrowers.
vi. Forms of borrowing
vii. Types of Deposit,
viii. Accounts, Electronics, Withdrawal, MoneyTransfer and e-Banking.
ix. Deposit Insurance Corporation Act, 1962.


i. Bank and Customer Relationship.
ii. Banking Operations: Lending by Banks, Collection and Payments ofCheques, Negotiable Instrument & their characteristics, Cheques, Dishonor ofCheques, Appropriation of payments.
iii. Interference by third parties.
iv. Attachment, Mareva Injunctions, Bank and Garnishee, set off.


i. Social Banking
ii. Basal II norms
iii. Letter of Credit
iv. Recovery of Debts Due to Banks.
v. Banking Ombudsman Scheme 2002. Debt Recovery Tribunal Act.
vi. Recent Trends of Banking System in India.


i. The Evaluation of Banking Services and its History in India
ii. History of Banking in India
iii. Bank nationalization and social control over banking.
iv. Various types of Banks and their functions.
v. Contract between banker and customer: their rights and duties.
vi. Role and functions of Banking Institutions


Lending by Banks and Recent Trends of Banking System in India

i. Advances, Loans and Securities.
ii. Direct, collateral and miscellaneous Securities.
iii. Default and recovery.
iv. Bank Debt Recovery Tribunals.
v. The Securitization and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcements of SecurityInterest Act, 2002 (Definitions, Section 13 – Enforcement of security interest, Section 17Right to appeal.)


General Principles of Law of Insurance

i. Definition, nature and history.
ii. Contract of insurance and principles.
iii. The Risk – commencement, attachment, assignment.
iv. Types of insurances.
v. Policy and its Legal Status.


Recent Trends in Insurance

i. Insurance against third party risks (relevant provisions from Motor VehiclesAct, 1988.)
ii. Liability Insurance.
iii. Consumer Protection and Banking and Insurance Services
iv. The Insurance Act, 1938 and the Insurance Regulatory & Development Authority Act,(IRDA), 2000.
v. Miscellaneous Insurance Schemes: New Dimensions (Group Life Insurance, Mediclaim, Sickness).

Select Bibliography

1. Basu, A. : Review of Current Banking Theory and Practice (1998) Mac Miilan
2. M. Hapgood (ed.) : Paget"s lawoF Banking (1989) Butterworths, London
3. R. Goode : Commercial Law,(1995) Penguin, London
4. Ross Cranston : Principles of Banking Law (1997) Oxford
5. L.C. Goyle : The Law of Banking and Bankers (1995) Eastern
6. M.L. Tannan :Tamnan's Banking Law and Practice in India (1997), India Law House. Newconti and Hamaui (eds.) : Financial Markets Liberalization and the Role of Banks'
7. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1993)
8. J. Dermine (ed.) : European Banking in the 1990's (1993) Blackwell, Oxford
9. K. Subrahmanyan Banking Reforms in India (1997), Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi
10. R.S. Narayanna : The Recovery of Debts due to Banks and Financial Institution Act, 1993 (51
11. of 1993), Asia Law House, Hyderabad
12. M.A. Mir : The Law Relating to Bank Guarantee in India (1992) Metropolitan Book, NewDelhi
13. Mitra : The Law Relating to Bankers' Letters of Credit and Allied Laws (1998), University
14. Book Agency, Allahabad


Subject Code: LL.M.1106

Module I

The concept of Criminology and Criminal Justice Administration

i. Notion of deviance and crime
ii. Constituent Elements of Crime
iii. Nature and Scope of Criminology
iv. Methods of Criminological Studies

Module II

Schools of Criminology

i. Classical
ii. Biological
iii. Cartographic
iv. Sociological
v. Socialist

Module III

A brief discussion on Modern Trends in Criminology:

i. Phenomenology
ii. Postmodernism
iii. Crime and Feminism

Module IV

Punishment: Concept and Theories

i. Death Sentence
ii. Treatment of Offenders: Prison, Probation and Parole

Module V

Individualistic Approaches to Crime-Bio-anthropological theories

i. Lombroso
ii. Modern Crimino-Biological School
iii. Frustration - Aggression Theories

Select Bibliography

1. S.M.A. Qadri : Ahmed Siddiques Criminology - Problems and Perspectives (2005) Eastern.
2. N.V. Pananjpe : Criminology and Penology (2005) Central Law Publications Sutherland Edwin and Crassey Donald - Principles of Criminology (1900) Taft and England : Criminology
3. Barnes and Teeters : New Horizons in Criminology (1960)
4. K.D. Gaur : Crimininal Law and Criminology (2003) Deepand Deep
5. Glanville Williams : The Text Book on Criminal Law (2nd Edition) Universal.
6. Katherine S Williams : Textbook of Criminology (2001-Indian reprint) Universal.
7. K.S. Pillai : Theories of Criminology
8. M.J. Sethna : Society and the Criminal(1989) M.N. Tripathi
9. J. Robert Lilly etal : Criminological Theory Context and Consequences(2007) Sage.20
10. R.P. Kathuria's : Law of Crimes and Criminology. Vol. I to IV.


Subject Code: LL.M. 1107

Module I

The concept of Victimology

i. Constituent Elements of Crime and Victimology
ii. Nature and Scope of Victimology
iii. Methods of Victimology Studies

Module II

Justice for victims

i. Ideology and the behavior of perpetrators and victims of violence Noach

Module III

Committee and crime victims

i. Malimath Committee and crime victims
ii. Justice J. S. Verma Committee Report
iii. Criminal Law Amendment Act

Module IV

Issues of sexual victimization

i. Women victims of sexual violence and the civil legal system
ii. Victims of sexual harassment in modern work places in India
iii. Blaming victims and bystanders in the context of rape

Module V

Sexual assault victims

i. The relationship between childhood victimization, drug abuse
ii. PTSD and adult delinquency in a prison population
iii. Resurrecting the forgotten voices of the Indian criminal justice system
iv. Criminal victimization and social networks in India

Subject :Subject : Center-State Relations and Constitutional Governance

Subject Code: LL.M.1108


Indian Federalism

i. Conceptual position of Federalism
ii. Nature of the Indian Constitution
iii. Cooperative Federalism
iv. Relationship of trust and faith between center and state
v. Challenges before the Indian Federalism.


Distribution of Legislative Powers

i. The Scheme of the distribution of legislative powers in India the judicial approach and the present position.
ii. Recommendation of Sarkaria Commission &Venkatachaliah Commission.


Restrictions of Fiscal Power:

i. Fundamental Rights, Inter-Government Tax Immunities, Difference between Tax and Fee.

Distribution of Tax Revenues:

i. Tax-Sharing under the Constitution, Finance Commission - Specific Purpose Grants (Article 282).


Administration Relations:

i. Distribution of Executive Power.
ii. Centre- State administrative coordination.
iii. Power to carry on Trade.
iv. All India Services.
v. Center's Power to direct State.



Text Books referred The Constitution of India (Bare Act) Government of India Publication Constitution of India J. N. Pandey/ CLA Shorter Constitution of India D.D.Basu/ Wadhwa Constitution of India H.M.Seervai / Universal Publication Constitution of India M.P.Jain / Butterworth's

Subject: Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles

Subject Code: LL.M.1109


Right to Equality

i. Scope of the right to Equality
ii. New approach of Article 14
iii. Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment and in admission to educational institutions


Freedom of Speech and Expression

i. The area of freedom and its limitation.
ii. Freedom of Press and challenges of new scientific development.


Emerging regime of new Fundamental Rights

i. The changing dimension of right to life and Personal Liberty.
ii. Reading Directive Principles and Fundamental Duties into Fundamental rights.


Right to Freedom of Religion

i. The scope of the freedom and the State Control.
ii. Secularism and religious finalism


Directive Principles of State Policy

i. Ambedkar's thoughts
ii. Gandhiyan thoughts
iii. Scio-Economicthoughts


1. Seervai H.M., Constitutional Law of India (1996)
2. Basu,D.D. Shorter Constitution of India (1996)
3..Jain M.P, Outlines of Indian Legal History
4. Kashyap S.C. Our constitution


Subject: Labour and EmploymentLaws

Subject Code: LL.M. 1210



i. WorkersRightsasHumanRights-Constitutionaledificeandreflections ofILOStandardsintheIndianlegalSystem.
ii. Concept of employment, non-employment, terms of employment and conditions of labour.
iii. Challenges and Issues with referencelabourmanagementrelationsin21stCentury



i. National(ConstitutionalandStatutory)andInternationalPerspectives
ii. ILOnorms,measuresandstandards-itsrelevance inIndianlegalsystem.
iii. Employment Contracts andlabourmanagementrelations-Trends,Issuesand Challenges-A critique of comparative contract labourlaws (India, US&Europe)


TransnationalTradeand Labour

i. Impact ofglobalization onlabourmarket-Indian,US,European&Japanese perspectives.
ii. ILOvis-à-visWTO
iii. Developingvis-à-visdeveloped States
iv. ResolutionofLabourManagement Disputes-MeansandMechanisms


Lawand PoliciesofProtective DiscriminationinEmploymentLaws

i. Social securitysafety and welfare at workplace-women, children, and differently-abled.
ii. Compensation, Insurance with respect to wrongful dismissal and employmenthazards.

Select Bibliography

1. RaviSinghania-EmploymentLawinIndia,CCHWoltersKluwer
2. Guide toEmployment Law-CCHWoltersKluwerBusiness
3. MarianBaird,KeithHancock,JoeIsaac-WorkandEmployment RelationsAnEraofChange,RoutledgeTaylorand Francisgroup
4. KeyCases:Employment LawByChrisTurnerRoutledgeTaylorandFrancisgroup
5. NewGovernanceandtheEuropeanEmployment Strategy,BySamanthaVelluti,Series:RoutledgeResearchinEuropeanUnionLaw
6. AtWorkintheInformalEconomyofIndia:A PerspectivefromtheBottomUpAuthor(s):JanBremanOxfordUniversityPress
7. Shrivastava-labourlaws.
8. OPMalhotra-LabourManagement Relations
9. ThereportsofCommissions,Committee&Researchgroupsandrelevant ILOconventions


Subject Code: LL.M. 1211

Objectives-In viewofthechanging nicetiesofglobalgovernanceespeciallyfromthepointof view of good governance, corporate governance plays a vital role in the development of economy bothnationallyandinternationally.Takingthisintoconsideration,thepaperaimsto introducetothestudents thenuancesof corporate law and theobligationsof ittowardssocietyin dischargingitstradingrelationsandtobeagoodcorporatecitizen.



i. Corporatepersonality
ii. AdvantagesandDisadvantagesofIncorporation
iii. ConceptofliftingofCorporateVeil



i. Companycapital-EquityFinance,Debt Finance.
ii. Offer Documents
iii. PublicIssues
iv. Underwritingof issues
v. CorporateLoans
vi. VentureCapital, InstitutionalFinancing
vii. RoleofSEBIandstock exchanges



i. Meaningoftheterms
ii. Statutoryprovisions
iii. Powersofthecourt/tribunal


Legal aspects governing corporate management

i. Meetings, Majority rule and Minority protection
ii. Prevention of oppression, mismanagement
iii. Role of central Govt., company registrar, Company Law Board/ Tribunal


Corporate Governance

i. Concept,Significance, Dimensions
ii. Legalframework,
iii. BasicPrinciplesandOECDprinciplesofCorporateGovernanceImpactof globalization

Select Bibliography

1. J.M.Thomson-Palmer'sCompanyLaw
2. Gower-PrinciplesofModernCompanyLaw
3. Ramaiya-GuidetoCompaniesAct
4. IndianLawInstitute-CurrentProblemsofCorporateLaw
5. CompendiumonSEBI,Capital IssuesandListing–byChandratre,Acharya,Israni, Sethuraman
6. CorporateFinance-AshwathDamodaran


Subject Code: LL.M. 1212


Themainobjectiveofthepaperistointroduce tothestudents theconceptsofIPRandtheir relationshipwithothersubjectsespecially,economiclaw,andothertechnologicalaspects.Apart fromtheabove,thepapercoverstheapproaches ofInternationalInstitutionsandintroducesthe variousaspectsthatare formpartofthe provinceofIPR.



i. OriginandGenesisof IPR
ii. Theoriesof IPR–Locke's,HegelandMarxian
iii. Ethical,moralandhumanrightsperspectivesofIPR



i. Internationalization of IP protection – Paris Convention, Berne Convention, TRIPS Agreement–basicprinciplesandminimumstandards–limitsofone-size-fitforall–flexibilitiesunderTRIPS



i. CopyrightprotectionwithreferencetoperformersrightsandArtistrights,
ii. GlobalgovernancetowardsPatents
iii. TradeMarks:Legalrecognition,ComparativeanalysisinIndia,EUandUSATradesecrets:Legalrecognition,ComparativeanalysisinIndia,EU andUSA



i. Benefitsharingandcontractualagreements–InternationalTreatyonPlantGenetic ResourcesforFoodandAgriculture–issuesonpatentpolicyandfarmers'rights-CBD, NagoyaProtocolandIndianlaw.
ii. UNESCO–protectionof folklore/culturalexpressions.
iii. DevelopmentsinWIPOontraditionalknowledgeandtraditionalculturalexpressions

Select Bibliography

1. W.Cornish&Llewelyn–IntellectualProperty:Patent,Copyrights,TradeMarks& AlliedRights",LondonSweet & Maxwell.
2. NardMadison-TheIntellectualProperty,AspianPublication.
3. CarlosmCorrea- Oxford commentaries on GATT/ WTO Agreements trade related aspectsof IntellectualPropertyRights,OxfordUniversityPress.
4. DavidBainbridge–IntellectualPropertyLaw.

Subject: CyberLaw

Subject Code: LL.M. 1213

The main objective of this course is to make students familiar with the developments that are being taking place in the different are as with the help of Computer Science and Information Technology. To acquaint the students with the national and international legal or derrelative to these.

Fundamentalsof Cyber law

i. Conceptualandtheoreticalperspectiveofcyberlaw.
ii. ComputerandWebTechnology
iii. DevelopmentofCyberLaw–NationalandInternationalPerspective

CyberLaw:LegalIssuesandChallengesin India,USAandEU

i. DataProtection,CyberSecurity.
ii. LegalrecognitionofDigitalEvidence.
iii. Recognitionofliabilityinthedigitalworld.
iv. JurisdictionIssuesinTransnationalCrimes


i. BudapestConventiononCybercrime.
ii. ICANN'scoreprinciplesandthedomainnamesdisputes.
iii. NetneutralityandtheEUelectronic communicationsregulatoryframework.
iv. WebContentAccessibilityGuidelines(WCAG)2.0


i. Impactofcyberwarfareonprivacy,identitytheft.
ii. Internationallaw governingCensorship,onlineprivacy,copyrightregulations.
iii. OnlineIntermediariesinthe governanceofInternet.
iv. SocialNetworkingSitesvis-à-visHumanRights.

Select Bibliography

1. YatindraSingh:CyberLaws.
2. AjitNarayananandBennum(ed.):Law,ComputerScience andArtificialIntelligence.
3. Linda Brennan and Victoria Johnson : Social, ethical and policy implication of InformationTechnology.
4. KamathNandan:LawrelatingtoComputer,InternetandE-Commerce.
5. ArvindSinghalandEverettRogers:India'sCommunicationRevolution:FromBullockCartstoCyberMarts.
6. LawrenceLessing: CodeandotherLawsofcyberspace.


Subject Code: LL.M. 1214

Module I

Conceptual perspective

i. Concept of crime and criminal liability
ii. Role of Criminal Justice System in protection of Human Rights

Module II

Objectives and Theories of Punishment

i. Capital Punishment;
ii. Sentencing Process and Policies,
iii. Role of Judiciary and Human Rights.

Module II

Human Rights Problems:

i. Police Atrocities and Accountability
ii. Violence against Women and Children
iii. Terrorism and Insurgency

Module III

Rights to Accused:

i. Ex post facto law
ii. Double Jeopardy
iii. Protection against Self Incrimination
iv. Fair Trial
v. Punishment and Human Rights

Module IV

Police-Development, Function, Custodial Violence and Reforms in Police System

i. Violence-Terrorism and Human Rights,
ii. Atrocities against SC and ST and other vulnerable Groups.
iii. Compensation to victims of crime

Module V

International Perspectives:

i. International Crimes and International Cooperation in combating of Transnational organized crimes.
ii. International Norms on Administrative of Criminal Justice.

Selected Bibliography

1. P.S. AtchuthenPillai : Criminal Law (1996) M.N. Tripathi
2. Harri's : Criminal Law (2000-Indian reprint) Universal.
3. K.N. ChandrasekharanPillai : General Principles of Criminal Law (2005) Eastern.
4. Kenny's : Outlines of CriminalLaw (19th edn.) Universal.
5. T.S. Batra : Criminal Law Principles of Liability (1978) Metropolitan
6. Smith and Hogan : Criminal Law Cases and Materials(1975), Butterworths.
7. K.I. Vibhute : P.S.A. Pillai's Criminal Law (2008) Lexis Nexis.
8. L. Radzinowicz : A History of English Criminal Law, Vol. I & II (1969) Stevens.
9. Russell : On Crime, Vol. I & II, Universal
10. Cross and Jones : An Introduction to Criminal Law (1972) Butterworths.
11. R. Prakash : O.P. Srivastav's Principles of Criminal Law (2010) Eastern.
12. Shamsul Huda's : Principles of Law of Crimes(with suppl by O.P. Srivastava) Eastern
13. O.P. Srivastava : Principles of Criminal Law19


Subject Code: LL.M. 1215

Module I


i. Notions of "force", "coercion", "violence"
ii. Distinction: "Symbolic violence", "Institutionalized violence", "Structuralviolence"
iii. Legal order as a coercive normative order.
iv. Force-monopoly of modern law.
v. "Constitutional" and "criminal" speech: Speech as incitement to violence.
vi. "Collective political violence" and legal order.
vii. Notion of legal and extra-legal "repression"

Module II

Approaches to Violence in India

i. Religiously sanctioned structural violence: Caste and gender based.
ii. Ahimsa in Hindu, Jain, Buddhist, Christian, and Islamic traditions in India
iii. Gandhiji's approach to non-violence
iv. Discourse on political violence and terrorism during colonial struggle
v. Attitudes towards legal order as possessed of legitimate monopoly over violence during the colonial period.

Module III

Agrarian Violence and Repression

i. The nature and scope of agrarian violence in the 18-19 centuries India.
ii. Colonial legal order as a causative factor of collective political (agrarian) violence
iii. The Telangana struggle and the legal order
iv. The Report of the Indian Human Rights Commission on Arwal Massacre

Module IV

Violence against the Scheduled Castes

i. Notion of Atrocities
ii. Incidence of Atrocities
iii. Uses of Criminal Law to combat Atrocities or contain aftermath of Atrocities
iv. Violence against Women.

Module V

Communal Violence

i. Incidence and courses of "communal" violence
ii. Findings of various commissions of enquiry
iii. The role of police and para-military systems in dealing with communal violence
iv. Operation of criminal justice system in relation to communal violence.


Subject Code: LL.M. 1216

Module I

i. The concept of Social and Economic Offences.
ii. The Distinction between Traditional Offences and the Socio Economic Offences.
a. Principles of Traditional Criminal Jurisprudence
b. Special features of Socio-Economic Offences.
c. Socio Economic offences and white collar crimes.
iii. Prevention of Socio Economic Crimes and Major constraints in the Implementation of Law Relating to Socio Economic Offences.
iv. Corporate crimes and stock market frauds.

Module II

White collar crime

i. Types of white collar crime
ii. Causes and growth of white collar in India
iii. Sutherland's theory relating to white collar criminality.

Module III

Concept of white collar crimes and difference with other traditional crimes.

i. Causes of white collar crime
ii. White collar crimes and public servants with special reference to prevention of corruption Act.

Module IV

Professional ethics

i. Professional ethics of Doctors,
ii. Advocates, Engineers,
iii. Teachers and White collar crimes.


Subject Code: LL.M. 1217

Module I

i. Concept of Treaty in International Law Nature, Scope and Importance of treaty
ii. Historical Background of the Law of Treaty, Capacity Conclusion and Entry into Force Reservation, Problem of Unequal Treaty Interpretation, Jus cogens, Amendment Invalidity
iii. Termination and Suspension, Rebus Sic Stantibus

Module II


i. International adjudication in a historical perspective.
ii. International Court of Justice-a principal organ and principal judicial organ of the United

Module III


i. Organization and Structure of the ICJ.
ii. The jurisdiction of the Court-general
iii. Contentions jurisdiction, voluntary of jurisdiction, compulsory jurisdiction, reservation and reciprocity, Transferred jurisdiction forum prorogatum.

Module IV

i. Sources of Law
ii. Property and Legal Interest
iii. Provisional measures, non-appearance
iv. Third party intervention

Module V

International Court of Justice (ICJ)

i. The advisory jurisdiction of the ICJ.
ii. Power function of ICJ
iii. Enforcement of the judgments and advisory opinions.
iv. Role of the Court.


Subject Code: LL.M. 1218


Historical Perspectives

i. Early period
ii. Gram Swaraj-the Gandhian concept


Constitutional Scheme

i. Directive Principles
ii. Structure and powers of local bodies


Legislative Powers

i. Direct democracy and grass root planning,
ii. Municipalities and corporation,
iii. Gram Sabha


Quasi-legislative Powers

i. Rule making power of the State Government
ii. Regulations and Bye-laws


Financial Powers

i. Levying taxes
ii. Licensing power
iii. Financial resources and powers



i. Judicial and Quasi-judicial powers of the Local Bodies
ii. Election to Local Bodies
iii. Conduct of Meetings - Corporation, Municipal Council, Panchayat Committee and Gram Sabha
iv. Institutional and Judicial Control


Subject Code: LL.M. 1219



i. Importance and Scope of Administrative Law;
ii. Rule of Law;
iii. Separation of Powers;


Delegated Legislation:

i. Constitutionality;
ii. Judicial Control;
iii. Parliamentary Control;
iv. Procedural Control


Ombudsman in India


Role of Judiciary

i. Judicial Review of Discretionary Power;
ii. Writ of Mandamus;
iii. Writ of Certiorari;
iv. Writ of Prohibition
v. Writ of Quo-warranto


Principles of Natural Justice

i. Natural Justice
ii. Administrative Tribunals

Subject: MEDIA LAW

Subject Code: LL.M. 1221

This paper deals with the interaction between law and mass media. This paper examines the major laws, regulations and court decisions affecting the media. It aims to familiarize the theoretical debates on media, law and ethics in the Indian context. It also attempts to evolve an understanding of the complexities of ethical and legal media practice.



i. Evolution of Media
ii. Types of media:
a. Print
b. Electronic
iii. E-Media – Free Flow of Information beyond boundaries and barriers
iv. Difference between Visual and non- Visual Media - impact on People


Freedom of Speech and Expression

Article 19 (1) (a)

i. An introduction to Freedom of expression
ii. Evolution of Freedom of Press
iii. Restrictions under Constitution
a. Article 19 (2)
b. Government Power to legislate - Article 246 read with the Seventh Schedule.
c. Power to impose Tax -licensing and licence fee.
iv. Advertisement & Ethics: Misleading Advertisement vis-à-vis Consumers rights


Law of defamation and obscenity

i. Defamation
a. Libel
b. Slander
ii. Obscenity
iii. Sedition


Development of laws relating to Mass Media vis a vis International regime

i. Censorship of films
ii. Censorship under Constitution
iii. Censorship under the Cinematograph Act.
iv. Pre-censorship of films

Select Bibliography

1. M.P. Jain, Constitutional Law of India (1994) Wadawa, Nagpur.
2. H.M. Seervai, Constitutional Law of India 2002 Vol. 1 Universal.
3. John B. Howard, "The Social Accountability of Public Enterprises" in Law and Community Controls in New Development Strategies (International Center for law in Development 1980).
4. Bruce Michael Boys, "Film Censorship in India: A Reasonable Restriction on Freedom of Speech and Expression" 14 J.I.L.I. 501 (1972).
5. Rajeev Dhavan, "On the Law of the Press in India" 26 J.I.L.I. 288 (1984).
6. Rajeev Dhavan, "Legitimating Government Rhetoric: Reflections on Some Aspects of the Second Press Commission" 26 J.I.L.I. 391 (1984).
7. Soli Sorabjee, Law of Press Censorship in India (1976).
8. Justice E.S. Venkaramiah, Freedom of Press: Some Recent Trends (1984).
9. D.D. Basu, The Law of Press of India (1980)


Subject Code: LL.M. 1222

Objectives Of The Paper

To make the students aware of the importance of rights of minorities, to familiarize them with the constitutional provisions related to minorities, to acquaint them with the rights of minority educational institutions and exposition of the subject matter in detail with the help of legislative, judicial and other materials.


Minorities in Indian Society

i. Concept of Minorities
ii. Linguistic Minorities
iii. Religious Minorities
iv. Secularism


International Norms for Protection of Minorities

i. Human Rights of Minorities
ii. Minority Rights under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
iii. Non-discrimination provisions of the United Nations Charter 1945
iv. Declaration on Rights of Minorities


Minority Rights

i. Right to religion
ii. Linguistic rights
iii. Right to culture and traditions
iv. National Commission for Minority


Rights of Minority Educational Institutions

i. Educational rights of Minorities
ii. Right to administer Minority educational institution
iii. Aided and Unaided Minority Educational Institutions and Governmental Controls
iv. National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions

Select Bibliography

1. M.P.Jain, Indian Constitutional Law
2. D.D.Basu, Commentary on the Constitution of India
3. A.P.Datar, Commentary on the Constitution of India
4. H.M. Seervai, Constitutional Law of India
5. M.P. Singh, Constitution of India
6. Brolmann, C. and others, eds., Peoples and Minorities in International Law
7. Phillips, A. and A. Rosas, eds., The UN Minority Rights Declaration
8. Reddy, Jagmohan, Minorities and the Constitution
9. Sheth, D.L. and GurpreetMahajan, ed., Minority Identities and the Nation State
10. Thornberry, Patrick, International Law and the Rights of the Minorities